Listening Comprehension Part One


Управління освіти і науки

Кіровоградської облдержадміністрації

Кіровоградський обласний загальноосвітній навчально-виховний комплекс гуманітарно-естетичного профілю

(гімназія-інтернат-школа мистецтв)

Мала академія наук учнівської молоді

Контрольні завдання

другого етапу Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту та теми науково-дослідницьких робіт МАН

Секція англійської мови та літератури

Кіровоград – 2009

Посібник: Контрольні завдання другого етапу Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту та теми науково-дослідницьких робіт МАН. – Кіровоград, 2009. – 32 с.

У посібнику вміщено умови контрольних робіт з англійської мови та літератури другого етапу Всеукраїнського конкурсу-захисту науково-дослідницьких робіт учнів-членів МАН. Подано тематику науково дослідницьких робіт.

Посібник рекомендовано для вчителів, науково-педагогічних керівників гуманітарного напряму МАН та наукових товариств, а також для учнів середніх шкіл, гімназій, ліцеїв.

Відповідальна за випуск Філянт С.В., заступник директора з навчально-методичної роботи МАН учнівської молоді

Упорядник Причиненко Ю.Є., методист МАН учнівської молоді (секції: англійська мова та література, німецька мова та література, українська мова та література).



1.1. Англійська мова 5

2. Орієнтовна тематика науково-дослідницьких робіт 13


1.1. Англійська мова

Listening Comprehension

Part One

You will hear ten short conversations between two people. At the end of each conversation, you must answer the question below that corresponds to the conversation. Choose the correct answer from the list of options given.

1. Who are the speakers? 6. Who is waiting?

A architects A a meter reader

B accountants B a taxi driver

C dieticians C a runner

D tailors D a cashier

2. Who are the speakers talking about? 7. Who is worried?

A a repairperson A a veterinarian

B a traffic officer B a painter

C a waiter C a pet owner

D chauffeur D a furniture salesperson

3. Who asked the questions? 8. Who are the speakers talking about?

A the security guard A an artist

B a union leader B a construction worker

C a reporter C a college professor

D the mayor D a loan officer

4. Who is the man talking with? 9. Who are the speakers?

A a human recourses officer A gamblers

B a mathematician B taxi drivers

C a banker C commuters

D a tax lawyer D train conductors

5. Who are the speakers talking about? 10. Who are the speakers discussing?

A a teacher A an absent employee

B an athlete B a model employee

C a gardener C an ill employee

D a musician D a tardy employee

Part Two

You will hear ten more short conversations between two people. At the end of each conversation, you must answer the question below that corresponds to the conversation. Choose the correct answer from the list of options given.

1. How much will the woman budget for 6. How many people are expected the software? at the seminar?

A 900$ A 150

B 400$ B 225

C 650$ C 50

D 500$ D 300

2. How often are project reports issued? 7. How will the woman get to the airport?

A Every three months A By subway

B Once a month B By taxi

C Every two weeks C By bus

D Once a week D By shuttle

3. How soon will the package arrive? 8. How should he turn on the computer?

A In two days A By plugging it into the wall

B The next day B By pressing a key on the keyboard

C The same night C By pressing a button by the screen

D Immediately D By using the switch at the back

4. How will the woman find the telephone 9. How did the man fix the copier?
number? A He restarted it

A She'll ask directory assistance B He asked for help

B She'll look up the number C He called a repairperson

C She'll ask the man for the number D He removed some crumbled paper

D She'll look for the telephone directory 10. How did the woman break her leg?

5. How long does the man's commute take? A She fell jumping over a tennis net

A Close to an hour B She was in a car wreck

B More than an hour C She slipped off the diving board

C About ten minutes at the pool

D About five minutes D She had a skiing accident

Part Three

You will hear people talking in eight different situations. Choose the best answer for each question from the options listed.

1. You will overhear a man arranging an interview. Who is he talking to?

A his boss

B an agent

C a customer

2. You will hear a girl talking about a sports injury. How did she injure herself? '

A She fell over

B She hit a post

C She hurt her arm

3. You will hear a woman talking to a mobile phone company. What is she told to do?

A return her phone to the company

B take her phone back to the shop

C charge her battery for longer

4. You will hear two people trying to arrange a meeting. What do they decide to do?

A meet at the weekend

B postpone their meeting

C cancel their meeting

5. You will hear a recorded message about hospital visiting times. What advice is being given?

A Visitors can get a meal if they want

B Visitors must register on arrival

C Visitors should avoid coming by car

6. You will hear a woman talking about being a pianist. What does she dislike most about her career?

A the hours of practice

B the loneliness

C the traveling

7. You will hear a man talking about a lecture he attended. How did he feel during the lecture?

A cross

B bored

C confused

8. You will hear a woman talking about a relative. Who is she complaining about?

A her daughter

B her sister

C her mother

Reading Comprehension

Part One

Read the article about cyber cafes. Choose the most suitable heading from the list for each part of the article.

The original attraction of the cyber cafe

In the early nineties in Great Britain going for a coffee and surfing the Net were new and exciting things to do. The cyber cafe was a successful mixture of two things: coffee and the Internet. Not even cold coffee and slow connections put people off from going to these cafes.

  1. Ten years later the picture has changed and in the 21st century millions of people can
    use the Internet from home, work, school or university. In many ways the Internet has
    become a personal playground and as for the coffee, well, there's a lot more choice of
    different coffee shops serving every kind of coffee you can wish for.

  2. So who's using the cyber cafes now that surfing the Net is as ordinary as waking up
    every morning? Some people say that if their computer goes wrong at home they
    don't bother to get it fixed. They will rely on the cyber cafe to find out what is
    happening in the world and to check their e-mail; they feel that there is nothing
    special about cyber cafes any more. These cafes are part of the cultural scene in the
    same way that cinemas and supermarkets are.

  3. One man, who is the director of a chain of Internet shops, says that although
    consumer demand for using the Internet has risen, home computers are no good if
    you are out and about or happen to be on holiday somewhere. The cyber cafe is the
    obvious place to go if you want to keep in touch with friends and family.

  4. 'Most of our users are backpackers and international students checking their e-mail,'
    he says. 'We also operate a price structure which is good for those students who get
    up early. This means that the cheapest time of day is six in the morning and as the
    cafe fills up, the price goes up. Early evening is one of the most expensive times.'

  5. Cyber cafes are also popular with foreign students studying abroad. These students
    feel it's important to keep in touch with everyone at home and e-mail is cheaper than
    the telephone. Some students use the cyber cafe for as much as four hours a week and
    like the fact that the cafes are clean and friendly places.

  6. In the future it is likely that the cyber cafes will also attract people who are self-
    employed. With mobile phones and e-mail there's less need for traditional offices,
    and as more and more people in the UK choose to work for themselves the cyber
    cafes could become communication centers for these workers by providing the
    electronic support for people who neither have nor want traditional office space.

  1. Staying in contact

  2. The cyber cafe is here to stay

  3. Costs vary during the day

  4. Internet use is now widespread

(E) E-mail keeps costs down

(F) The cyber cafe may replace the office

Part Two

Read the article about surfing. Choose the most suitable heading from the list for each part of the article.

Origins of surfing

It is generally believed that the ancient Polynesians were the first to surf and to introduce surfing to the Hawaiian Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. In fact, early records show that surfing was at its height in the late eighteenth century. During the next century the sport declined, but by the beginning of the twentieth century its popularity had increased again and it gradually became an established water sport.

  1. Hawaii has the best surf in the world but the beaches are among the most dangerous,
    partly because they are overcrowded. During October each year there are huge swells
    in which the waves can be almost twenty meters high. These waves then move to the
    southern hemisphere in April.

  2. If a surfer gets sucked into the centre of one of these waves and then flung onto the
    shore as the wave breaks, the force can be life-threatening. And if the weight of the
    water does not make them unconscious, then the wave can drag them under water
    long enough for them to drown.

  3. To most people, a twenty-meter high wave is Nature's way of saying: stay away. It's
    the oceanic equivalent of a lion's roar: get closer and you will be killed. But there are
    some surfers who actually find these dangers one of the most attractive features of
    the sport.

  4. In the second half of the twentieth century one man in particular was responsible for
    fresh enthusiasm in the sport. He was a Californian surfer called Jack O'Neill who
    was determined to create a suit that would keep people warm in the waters of
    northern California, and at the same time would allow complete freedom of

  5. He experimented with various materials without much success until, during a plane
    journey in 1952, he came across a substance called neoprene. Using this material he
    created a wetsuit made of rubber which kept surfers warm and made surfing a year-
    round activity in climates which would otherwise be too cold for part of the year.

  6. Over the years wetsuits have been used for everything from deep-sea diving to board
    sports which take place on land, like skateboarding. In 1988 O'Neill's original
    wetsuits were used for the first ever snowboarding world cup event, reflecting
    O'Neill's belief that snow is only frozen water and snowboarding takes place over
    frozen waves.

  7. One surfer who recently rode a giant wave off the Pacific island of Tahiti astonished
    onlookers by walking away without a scratch. This same man now wants to surf a
    wave called Jaws, which crashes onto the shore of Maui, one of the Hawaiian
    Islands, for only a few days each year. Jaws can reach a height of over twenty-five
    metres and is known to the surfing world as the Mount Everest of surfing.

  1. Wetsuits on a mountain

  2. Scientific breakthrough

  3. Warnings ignored

  4. Future challenge

(E) Dangers of surfing

(F) Ideal surfing conditions

(G) One man's influence

Part Three

Answer questions 1-13 by referring to the magazine article Travel Africa: Brochures under Review. Answer by choosing from the reviews of travel brochures A-E. Some of the choices may be required more than once.


Brochures under Review

A Wildlife Safaris

This company offers about 70 wildlife and adventure safaris. There are three different styles of trip - the Traveller Plus, which is based in three and four star accommodation, the Traveller, which is in tourist class hotels, lodges and camps, and Budget, where guest houses and DIY camping are part of the action. The safari itineraries outline daily locations, activities and options, and are accompanied by fact boxes covering the type of trip, transport, staffing, age group and other data. Locations and route maps are included. The brochure also provides an extremely useful set of guidelines about the dos and don'ts of behaviour in each of the countries concerned. These vary from dress code through personal greetings - including a few language tips to impress the hosts - to the taking of photographs.

For the adventurous, perhaps budget-conscious, traveller, there are some tempting safaris on offer.

B African Adventure

This award-winning, long-haul, worldwide tour operator offers a variety of safaris to a number of East African countries. They cover the Serengeti, Zanzibar and Lake Manyara, although the Olduvai Gorge is temporarily off the list for this year. Itineraries are generally of 9-14 days' duration, but extensions of up to a week on Zanzibar Island are available.

Bird lovers and those wanting to climb Mt. Kilimanjaro are well catered for by what must surely be one of the most dynamic holiday companies around. The camerawork is head and shoulders above that of its competitors, with this year's brochure featuring an original ten-to-a-page design in glorious multicolour. The same can't always be said for the writing; the description of places leaves a little to be desired throughout, but nobody's perfect!

Prices are quoted for each itinerary and costs for seaside accommodation listed in tables showing seasonal variations. This attractive, easy-to-use brochure concludes with fairly extensive information for visitors, the company's code of conduct and a booking form.

C Explore Gambia

This is a colourful, informative and effective sales tool. Clever use of a question-and-answer technique covers essentials such as money, weather, food and concerns like the type of electrical plugs used. A restaurant guide pinpointing the characteristics of 21 establishments precedes an outline of 14 hotels, of excellent standard and variety. Each of these is afforded a double-page spread, over half of which displays photographs showing off the facilities, particularly the swimming pool, which dominates most layouts. This, and the absence of a mention of the beach for a number of hotels, is perhaps a reflection of holidaymaker preferences. Intriguing, considering the country's considerable coastal attractiveness.

A number of pages are devoted to birdwatching safaris and excursions. The latter include river trips, such as cruises across the border into Senegal or up local creeks, fishing expeditions and horse trips. Notes on hotel grading, climate, history and the economy will prove very useful.

D African Classic

African Classic is a 25-year-old International Travel Connections Company, and classic their 90-page brochure is - an array of stunning photographs and seductive descriptions displayed with refined taste. It exudes class and quality, and that's exactly what the establishments it portrays represent. There

are suggested itineraries and notes on luxury train journeys within South Africa. The separate price • guide gives information on various (seasonally variable) charges for air flights, car hire, train safaris, accommodation and activities.

A mouth-watering look at South Africa, which will make you wish you could stay for ever!

E Allafrica

Though the coverage is very broad, the bulk of this 124-page brochure is devoted to the Southern African countries. The index is puzzling and it takes a bit of time to work out what is where and, in some cases, exactly where to find what you want.

The first section is given to quality pictures and short descriptions of upmarket hotels, lodges and camps in the countries listed. Of the 80 pages in this section, getting on for half sell Southern African hotels. Ghana and Uganda are briefly covered as destinations, without accommodation descriptions.

The second section presents suggested tour itineraries. Again the bulk are devoted to Southern Africa but overall the suggested routes encompass the main attractions in logical and economical sequence.

The brochure does warn, however, of considerable fluctuations in the price of air travel, so the message is - don't travel at Easter and Christmas time.

1. Which brochure or brochures is said to contain a surprising omission?

  1. Which brochure or brochures is said to make good use of language to attract potential holiday

  2. Which brochure or brochures is said to fail to refer to the natural features of the country it deals

  1. Which brochure or brochures is said to feature a set of guidelines outlining its company's

  2. Which brochure or brochures is said to contain one section which is unsatisfactory?

6. Which brochure or brochures is said to use a layout designed to attention to different
informational details?

  1. Which brochure or brochures is said to feature visits to a neighbouring country?

  2. Which brochure or brochures is said to have a slightly misleading name?

9. Which brochure or brochures is said to feature holidays which cost more at certain times of the
year? (There are two possible answers).

10. Which brochure or brochures is said to be of interest to holiday makers without a lot of money
to spend?

11. Which brochure or brochures is said to contain rather repetitive visual material?

12. Which brochure or brochures is said to feature a location where it is possible to stay longer than

13. Which brochure or brochures is said to present information in an inventive way? (There are two
possible answers).

Grammar and Vocabulary

Part One

Read the text and look carefully at each line. Some lines are correct, and some have a word which should not be there. If a line is correct write "Correct". If a line has a word which should not be there, indicate it.

  1. We went to a chocolate factory! Although I've always

  2. known about the factory, I've never of thought to visit it.

  3. Anyway, last weekend they held out an open day for the public

  4. so we had decided to have a look at what goes on there. It

  5. was fascinating and we very thoroughly enjoyed ourselves.

  6. We were allowed to watch chocolate for being made and

  7. we were told that we could help ourselves if we wanted to taste

  8. anything. Well, of course, we couldn't wait enough to try everything.

  9. As the chocolate was straight off the production line, it was still warm

  10. and quite delicious. But after a while I began to feel myself rather

  11. sick. The factory was hot, anyway, because of all the machinery

  12. and there were crowds of people who standing around watching.

13.1 thought I would to faint so I made my way very quickly towards the exit.

  1. Just as yet I got to the door, one of the employees stopped me and

  2. handed me a free gift - a box filled with a range of their chocolates!

Part Two

Read the text and think of the word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.

Of the five senses, smell is probably the one that you value least. Yet your sense of smell is the most direct link (1)______ _________the brain and the outside world. It (2)__________two seconds for a smell to (3)________ the nose and travel to the part of the brain (4)__________controls emotions and memories. Exactly (5)_________ our sense of smell influences your emotions, however, is (6)__________fully understood.

Nevertheless, a sense of smell can even influence your relationships (7) ________ other people. Apparently, you (8)___________ in love through your nose, not your eyes or your ears. Moreover, people tend to smell of what they eat and (9)____________can also influence what people think of you. In one famous study, 84 percent of people taking (10)___________said they were more (11)___________to buy a particular brand of trainers, when they (12)_________________placed in a room smelling of flowers. This kind of knowledge can be (13)___________________to influence people's spending habits at a subconscious (14)______________, and could obviously be useful in (15)___________________all sorts of things from clothing to cars.

Part Three

Read the texts and use the word given to form one word that fits in each space.

Opera Review

For a work that is often regarded as one of the key operas of the (1)_____________(TWENTY) century, there are surprisingly few (2)________(STAND) performances of Wozzeck. This new version is just about the best around at the moment. Although there are moments which are far from perfect - the (3)_____________(INTERPRET) of the character of Wozzeck is only (4)___________(OCCASION) successful - at others the characterisation and singing are (5)_________________________(IMPRESS), especially the almost (6)______________(FAULT) performance of Angela Denoke as Marie. Denoke has just the right mix of passion and (7)___________(TENDER); her cruel treatment at the hands of fate produces a final scene which is genuinely (8)_________(TOUCH).

Scents of Independence

Smell, one of the most evocative and probably the most underrated of human senses, is today reduced to little more than an exercise in clever (9)______________ (MARKET). Alongside leather goods, sportswear and furnishing fabrics, fragrance is just another weapon in the arsenal of the luxury goods industry. Millions are spent on (10)___________ (SEARCH) projects to find out what fragrance the broadest band of consumers want. Mass (11)________(PRODUCE) then allows the delivery of the new brand to every (12)____________(FASHION) airport shop and department store across the globe.

But however (13) (CLEVER) promoted, such fragrances are no match for the real

thing. Happily, there are still some fragrances (14)____________(SUFFICE) eclectic to be worn by people who value (15)__________(INDIVIDUAL). These are the cult fragrances, made in the old fashioned way, which rely on (16) _________(DISCERN) individuals, rather than advertising images, to spread the word.

2. Орієнтовна тематика науково-дослідницьких робіт

  1. The secret of Salvador Dali’s creativity as a representative of surrealism.

  2. Англійська рекламна мова.

  3. Асиміляція запозичених слів в англійській мові.

  4. Варіація англійської мови. Кокні діалект на основі роману Дж. Б. Шоу “Пігмаліон”.

  5. Вплив історичних факторів Великобританії на її сучасний розвиток.

  6. Вплив національного стереотипу на формування особливостей святкування Різдва в англомовних країнах.

  7. Еволюція сонету в англійській літературі: стилістично образні особливості.

  8. Загадка успіху популярності Гаррі Понтера.

  9. Ідіоматичні вирази в англійській мові та труднощі їх перекладу.

  10. Концепт ЛЮБОВ в англійській та українській мовній картині світу.

  11. Лексичні трансформації при перекладі інтернаціональних слів.

  12. Неологізми в англійській мові.

  13. Неологізми та запозичення в сучасній англійській мові.

  14. Нові слова. Їх творення і функціонування в сучасній англійській мові.

  15. Образність сонетарію Шекспіра.

  16. Особливості пізнього романтизму США на прикладі поезії Е. По, Г. Лонгфелло та У. Уїтмена.

  17. Особливості функціонування фразеологізмів в англійській мові на прикладі творів У.С. Мома та Д.Х. Чейза.

  18. Поезія Роберта Бернса.

  19. Порівняльний аналіз перекладів трагедії Шекспіра “Гамлет.

  20. Прислів’я та приказки в словниковому складі англійської мови.

  21. Сленг і американізми у розмовній мові сучасної молоді.

  22. Специфіка відтворення логічних і мовних парадоксів у п’єсах Оскара Уальда та Бернарда Шоу.

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